What is ABA Therapy?
What is ABA Therapy?
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) is an evidence-based therapeutic approach for creating significant positive behavior change. ABA focuses on improving behaviors such as 'learning to learn', communication, functional reading, activities of daily living, etc. Through the use of the scientific method, ABA therapy focuses on (1) assessing behavior, (2) determining the reason for a behavior, (3) establishing scientifically-backed solutions for the behavior, (4) and implementing those solutions effectively. ABA is effective for individuals with psychological disorders in a variety of settings, including schools, workplaces, homes, and clinics. Consistent ABA can significantly improve behaviors and skills and decrease the need for special services.
When It's Used
ABA is commonly practiced as a therapeutic intervention for individuals with autism. According to the Center for Autism, ABA helps the autistic client improve social interactions, learn new skills, and maintain positive behaviors. ABA also helps individuals apply skills and behavior learned to various situations, controlling and minimizing negative behaviors. With autism, ABA is most successful when intensely applied for more than 20 hours a week and prior to the age of 4. ABA aids aging adults cope with the losses that come with age, like memory, strength, and relationships. For young and old, ABA can help individuals manage some of the lifestyle challenges that accompany many mental and physical health conditions.
What To Expect?
ABA therapy is typically prescribed for a minimum of 10 hours per week and a maximum of 40 hours per week, based upon the individual needs. The number of hours recommended is determined by the assessment completed, taking into account the clients schooling and other therapies. A treatment plan will detail all the programing goals for the prescribed therapy hours. The Behavior Analyst will review the result of the assessment and the proposed treatment plan with caregivers. Once a treatment plan is agreed upon, caregivers will sign off and all items will be submitted to insurance. A client is expected to attend 80% or more of the prescribed treatment hours weekly.